Kingdom Arms by Robin of Thornwood Calligraphy by Robin of Thornwood Populous Badge by Robin of Thornwood

The Fifth Year

August Purgatorio Coronation Festival
August 1-2, 1970

From The Page (July 1970):


Schedule of Events:
Saturday, August 1st, 9:30 - 11:30 a.m. set up
12:00 noon   Grand March, Royal court, Coronation of Henrik of Havn and Lady Leanne of Maywood
3:00   Pentathlon Competition: Awards in each category, the winner will be given the title of "war-lord". Ladies' and chidren's events may also take place at this time.
7:00   dinner break
8:30   Revelling and entertainment: Music Contest, dancing, recitations (prospective performers contact Seneschal for scheduling)
Sunday, August 2nd:
11:00   Communion service from the Prayer book of Edward VI.
12:00 noon  Grand Melee
1:00  Tilting at the Quintain and other feats of horsemanship
2:00  Archery competition
2:30  Javelin competition
3:00  Falconry demonstration
4:00  Miscellaneous challenges

From 9:00 to 11:00 on Saturday cars may drive all the way in, unload, and then park nearby. After that the first 20 can park in the lot at the gate, after that, they will have to straggle down the road, but some kind of ferry may be evolved for hardship cases. The road will be opened again in the evening, and before 11 a.m. on Sunday. If anyone gets there before Toad Hall gets a chance to lay out Eric, please delay setting up your pavilion until you know what the layout will be. Also, leave plenty of room on either side of the Royal pavilion for the Heralds' pavilion, House Havn pavilion, Seneschals' etc.

From The Page (September, 1970):

Announcement from Her Majesty the Queen:

We have been told by many people that they were unable to hear our explanation of the award given to Lady (heretofore Demoiselle) Meredith during the coronation. Rather than entrust our sentiments to the herald, we wished to speak them ourselves, and we are at fault for not asking you to stand nearer. We do apologise and repeat -- Before our coronation we had given thought to the plight of maidens and goodwomen in our Society, who unless they can affiance themselves to some likely knight, or take the positions of Guildmaster, Illuminatrix, Mistress of the Lists, or one of a few other stations (all already ably filled), stand little chance of attaining the rank of lady. We did therefore fix on the title of Royal Consort as a new position, to be granted to a meritorious female of the royal choice, whereby she would receive some recognition of her talents and the title of Lady. We chose the title of Consort from a supply of titles somewhat impoverished by the fact that Princess would not do, being already employed by the Queen Designate. We did not choose the title to indicate that our maiden had been the object or victim of a royal make, but rather that she is well worthy of the company of the royal household. Her rank is akin to that of a Princess, and her duties are somewhat similar. Her rank continues as long as her mentiors are in office, adn the title lady continues thereafter.

We did choose Meredith for this honor because in her long service in our household, which has endured through several reigns, she has been most dutiful and helpful. No need has gone unnoticed if Meredith was nearby, and no task has been beneath her dignity. We have noticed that she has extended her assistance to both our household and others, and if nothing else, most of our faithful subjects may have experienced her blessed silence. In all our acquaintence with her, she has never demanded attention, claimed reward for her many labors, or stooped to gossip, backbiting or sloth. There were three or four other demoiselles and goodwomen who were most equally worthy of this honor, and it is to our sorrow that we could not honor all of them at once. We hope that future roalty will remedy this. Demoiselles and goodwomen of the Society, we urge you to aspire to this rank and office for both your own honor and that of your household.
                    Henrik of Havn, Rex
                    Leanne of Maywood, Regina

Note: It is always possible to rise in rank in the Society, because there are always things needing to be done. If you are a lady with an idea, or would like to know how you can help, talk to the Seneschal.

From the History (by Wilhelm):

Held in Big Trees Camping Area, Chabot Park, Oakland, California. Henrik and Leanne were crowned by Stephen and Astrid. Competitions for War-Lord and King’s Champion were held. Sir Jean de la Grand ‘Anse won them both. On the second day King Henrik gave Awards of Arms to Alisande de Rohan and Meridith, who was his Royal Consort.

See photos of Court from this event
See photos of the Tournament from this event
See other photos from this event

Henrik of Havn
Vert, on a pellet a horse's head
couped Or above a coronet showing
three Latin crosses Or.
Leanne of Maywood
Azure, a Unicorn countertrippant
argent, armed, crined and pizzled
and cullioned Or.
Arms drawn by Nicholas Bawcock of Petersfield, used with permission
Arms colored by Aja du Jardin

“I suspect that War-Lord is supposed to be Ward Lord a position of some Honor. It was supposed to be for fighters who didn't have a Lady at the moment and it was to become the Champion of all Ladies who did not have a Champion. The theory was that exposure of the (eligible) fighter to the (eligible) Ladies would result in the fighter becoming ineligible to hold the office, causing another tournament to have to be held.” – Frederick of Holland

“At last, we're back to something I was at.
     “The first competition was definitely not for Ward-Lord. My memories are pretty clear that James was the first king to sponsor a Ward-Lord competition.” – Steven MacEanruig

“I think that this is correct. It was probably something that Verena and I came up with for the younger unattached fighters, and the name was chosen in the usual punning style- Ward Lord instead of War Lord. I remember the War Lord lists as being hard and well fought- the equal of a Crown tourney for the time. Ward Lord- a couple of years later- was more for fun, and ended up actually having its desired effect for a few fighters and ladies.” – James Greyhelm
“The War-Lord competition was, as I recall, using generally the less commonly seen weapons forms that were not popular for use in Crown Lists. The idea was to find a War-Lord who could use several weapons forms very well and thus be able to beat all challengers no matter what the choice of weapons might be. The King’s Champion on the other hand could use the more popular combat forms at his/her discretion. I spoke of the War-Lord idea a lot when I visited Atenveldt off and on and I think they held quite a few War Lord events (forms may have been different) over the years. (Didn’t Reynard win the first one in Atenveldt?” – Henrik of Havn
“I'm sitting here looking at my photos of the event.
     “The pictures start off with Henrik and Leanne approaching the throne with Leanne in her white, somewhat revealing dress and a circlet of roses. I've got a good one of Stephen just placing the crown on Henrik's head. This was still the old West Kingdom crown with the four crosses on a circlet.” – Steven MacEanruig
“Calling Leanne's dress "somewhat revealing" shows a true gift for understatement! For those who were not there, picture a skirt of 4 panels -- back and side panels white, front panel white gauze. Worn over a white bikini. Add white shoes and a crown. End.
     “Even by the standards of the time, it was sufficiently in-authentic to produce lots of remarks. (What today's costume Nazis would have to say boggles the mind!) Of course, the fact that Purgatorio was living up to its name, and Her Majesty was probably the most comfortably dressed person at the event, probably contributed to the irritation of the complainers.” – William the Lucky
“At one point, the crown called various folks together to honor them for costuming excellence. I can still recognize Barbara Swenson (Gormflait na Cullacht sp?), Allison of Hightower, and Bob Brown and his wife (don't remember their SCA names).
     “Oddly, looking over the old pictures, I find myself more interested in the people in the background. I have several pictures of the knights swearing fealty with James in the background crowd holding Caradoc's banner. He was, after all, Caradoc's squire.
     “It looks like there was an abduction of lady Geraldine of Toad Hall at this event from the pictures. There's also a lovely set of fighting shots featuring mostly Jon the Lean and Stephen Blackeagle. Jon was using kite shield and flail and Stephen a longsword. Stephen's armor looks quite nice being leather over the shoulders and scale down to mid thigh. No knee protection, of course. Jon was wearing a freon gas drum helm and a piece of metal over his thighs with nothing else on the knees either.
     “The whole thing closes off with some tilting shots with Robert of Dunharrow, Henrik, and Suzanne of Ravenhill.
     “I remember having a lot of fun at this event. I was still stationed in Kansas with the USAF, and I think this was where I started carrying on a bit of a long-distance, low-key romance with Allisande de Rohan, the sister of the above mentioned royal consort, Meredith. Of course, coming from Kansas and the air force, I would have had fun at just about anything of an SCA nature.
     “I have no idea what was really going on with the position of Royal Consort, but the rumor I got was that Henrik was interested in Meredith and created the position to get friendlier with her. I could certainly understand the interest, for Meredith was a very lovely lady. My understanding is that it didn't come to anything, but I can't really vouch for the truth of any of the rumors. It did cause a certain amount of mild scandal-mongering among the populace.” – Steven MacEanruig
“Meredith’s being made Royal Consort had nothing to do with any romantic inclinations on my part (actually Blackeagle is the one who was interested). It was simply a method that Leanne and I arrived at, after lengthy discussion, to reward Meredith for a lot of her own efforts on behalf of the Kingdom as well as in our household. Meredith was a quiet person compared to her older sister Allisande and we thought she should be brought out into the “Lime Light” instead of being in the shadows for a change. This really just gave her the right to hang out in the Royal Pavilion during our reign without having to be a working functionary.” – Henrik of Havn
“Sounds good to me. I admit to repeating hearsay something like third hand. I never really got to know Meredith well, but she always seemed like a nice person. She really was gorgeous, but Allisande was always the one that garnered the attention somehow.” – Steven MacEanruig

“In our second reign, I think, we decided to have a way for fighters who could not fight in Crown, because they didn't have a lady*, to fight at the Crown events - where everyone notices the fighting. We had a ceremony officially declaring all non-championed ladies** to be Wards of the Crown. Then, of course, we needed someone to champion these ladies on the field since the King did not fight.*** Thus, the tourney to chose the Champion of the Wards of the Crown (or something like that) which very quickly became the 'Ward Lord.'
     “Only fighters who did not have ladies were eligible to fight. If the Ward Lord found a lady, he had to abdicate and another tourney held. The purpose of this, as stated in the ceremony, was to enable unattached lords and ladies to meet each other and become attached until everyone had a lord or lady so that everyone in the kingdom was happy and the position fell into disuse (paraphrasing from memory....). This worked very well for awhile - I think we had 3 Ward Lord tourneys at one event!”
     * lady-for-the-day hadn't been invented yet
     **only men fought
     ***It was treason to fight the King and so, if the King went onto the field he would win by default. The King, being chivalrous, did not fight. (This was the reason for "alternate persona"s for the King – so he could be 'incognito' and it was ok to fight him. - Remember LeRoi of Clan Destine? or Bumble de Bee?)” – Verena of Laurelin

Description of this event, © Copyright 1980 by William R. Keyes (Wilhelm von Schlüssel)
This is from The History of the West Kingdom, Volume 1 (the only volume produced). When reading this text, please keep in mind the following disclaimer:

Disclaimer: This history may have errors in it, as much of the detail is “remembered” history, or as one of the cover pages of the original type-written manuscript states “The material within is derived from the information printed in The Crown Prints and in The Page, and from the memories of the participants.” The original document was typed on onion-skin paper, with hand-written notes (often in the margins). All attempts have been made to reconcile the notes with the original document.

Annotations, when they are added, are from The Annotated History of the West, Volume 1, which is the same text as Master Wilhelm's mentioned above, with commentary from members of the SCA who were active at the time of the event, and are added to help clarify questions and expand on what happened and why. This volume is copyright © Ken Mayer (Hirsch von Henford).

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The West Kingdom History Website was created by and is maintained by Hirsch von Henford (mka Ken Mayer).