Held in the Mills College Student Union, Oakland, California. Jon de Cles and Mediocrates of Hellas (Israel ben Jacob) were the autocrats. With the money from the Pleasure Faire materials were purchased to make two crowns. Karina of the Far West donated some fine jewels, fur and cloth. Jon de Cles designed the crowns and Beverly Hodghead made them. King Henrik and Queen Leanne presided over the Grand March and crowned William and Sheryl as King and Queen with the new Royal Crowns of State. (Previously the crowns used had been personal ones, belonging to the individual monarchs.) King William created the title of Duke for those who had twice been King. For the first members of this rank, since there were no kings in the first year, this was amended to read those who had twice won a tourney. Richard of Mont Real was made a Duke dated September 30, when he stepped off the throne, and Fulk de Wyvern and Henrik of Havn were made Dukes as of that day. The Order of the Rose was created for those who had been Queen, or who had been the lady to a fighter who had won one of the first tourneys, when there were no queens. Thus Marynel of Darkhaven, Mary of Tamar, Ann of San Anselmo, Diana Listmaker, Wendryn of Townsend, and Leanne of Maywood became members of the Order. King William created the rank of Master of Arms for those who are worthy of knighthood but for personal reasons may not swear fealty to the Crown. Richard of Mont Real and Edwin Bersark were made the first Masters of Arms. King William established the Order of Knighthood on a firm basis by knighting Bela of Eastmarch, Fulk de Wyvern, Jamie of the Oakenshield, Karl vom Acht, Kerry the Rock, Siegfried von Hoflichskeit, and Steven MacEanruig. Sir Ardral Argo verKaeysc, Duke Henrik of Havn, and King William himself were already knights. Thus there were now a dozen belted fighters. The sign of a knight was a white belt and a metal chain around the neck. The sign of a Master of Arms was a white baldric. King William created the Order of the Laurel for outstanding artistic achievement, and admitted Beverly Hodghead and Alfonso de Castile as founding members. They were to be addressed as Master and known as Masters of the Laurel. Knights, Masters of Arms, and Masters of the Laurel were to have equal precedence, with Dukes being higher in precedence and Ladies of the Rose being somewhat lower in precedence. Then King William and Queen Sheryl stepped down in favor of the Lord of Misrule. The evening festivities were begun in a grand manner with the medieval wedding of Stefan de Lorraine and Luise of the Phoenix. Revelry followed, with the Consortium Antiguum performing, and Njali jarla Styrbjornsoni playing the pipes. (Steven MacEanruig and Fulk de Wyvern were not present and were knighted in absentia.)
Read Ceremony for creation of Dukes, Knights, Masters of Arms, and Laurels
See documentation and a scan of the original Ceremony, in toto, by Therasia von Tux
See photos of the Wedding of Stefan de Lorraine and Luise of the Phoenix
See photos of the event
From Tournaments Illuminated, Volume I, Issue 4 (Mid-Winter, 1967), a discussion of Twelfth Night by The Red Baron (Jon de Cles):
TWELFTH NIGHT will be an occasion of mixed blessings. In response to the confusion that has reigned over the subject of just Who is Whom on the Tournament Field, there will be a mass knighting at the beginning of the evening. The degree of Knight will be conferred on those persons who will accept in the name of the Society for Creative Anachronism, and will be meant to indicate special valour and ability in the use of medieval arms. In this way it will be possible to say just which persons are master class fighters and which are not, and it will, more importantly, be possible to promote those young men who have shown themselves able and highly skilled to the rank of knight with no confusion of precedent. Knighthood in terms of the Society will, so far as we care concerned, extend no further than Society functions and events, and will be the mark of a skilled fighter. The mass knightings at Twelfth Night will serve to confirm, rather than establish, the ability, already so well displayed at our Tourneys, of those men who have fought so far under the name of 'master fighter'; an inept title, in view of all the acceptable medieval terms. It will thenceforward be possible to promote a squire or free fighting man with no question of propriety. Further, it will give our Kings an established Court, something sadly lacking in our past pomp and spectacle.
BEFORE I MAKE THIS SOUND TOO SOLEMN, let me explain the order of the Evenings doing. At the beginning we shall re-establish what we have found, rather late, to be an invaluable tradition. THE CORONATION. William the Silent has won the Crown of our Society; on Twelfth Night he will be crowned, as the conclusion of the grand march and promenade that will open the evening. Then will come announcements and proclmations, and the making of many knights. Also at this time will be presented certain honours which must remain, until that time, a closely guarded secret of the state. Then will the cake be passed, and the Lord of Misrule chosen by the agency of Fortune, and then will the revelry commence, with the King stepping down from the Throne and all manner of entertainment being presented.
THE CORONATION OF WILLIAM THE SILENT will be impressive, and possible, because of the Society's latest aquisition. A pair of fine medieval crowns. The Society gained enough money in its treasury after the Pleasure Fair to be able to pay for the weapons that were used to fight the Chess Game, and to be able to purchase some materials for these crowns. In addition, Karen, Lady of Bela of Eastmarch, contributed some fine jewels and fur, and cloth. With these materials, the crowns were designed by Jon DeCles, and, as of this writing, are being executed by Beverly Hodghead. For the first time in our Society's history it will be possible to crown the King with a real crown, without his having to pay for it himself. -- This will not, please note, preclude the use of a personal crown; only allow the Society to have a state crown for use when needed. -- Nor should anyone assume that because the Society finally has a pair of crowns, our financial difficulties are over. The crowns were only the first thing to be got out of many things that, for a medieval scoiety, are necessary. We still have problems to work out in relation to the amount that has been spent for weapons each Tournament.
[... a paragraph about regular fighting practices and then ...]
BACK TO TWELFTH NIGHT, with the bold abandon that would seem to mark this issue. This year we are trying two different methods at the same time. We are purchasing, and hoping to retrieve our expenses from reciepts, some refreshments. Just as we did last year. But this year the refreshments will include mulled wine as well as mulled cider, and the initial outlay will be a little higher. We have had one offer to help with the expenses. We are also, (and here's the change) asking people to bring things to eat. Now, this may seem odd. To ask people to pay at the door, and then ask them to bring food as well; but the advantage to this is obvious, once you look at it. The food will be better. Certainly, we could go out and purchase a really big load of cookies, as we did last year; in fact, we shall purchase some cookies. But several ladies have told us about the wonderful recipes that are their specialities, and it seems to us a shame to eat cookies when their are such things as roast suckling pig to be delictated. We sounded out opinions on the idea, and people seem to be in favor of it.
NOT, PLEASE UNDERSTAND, THAT WE EXPECT everybody to bring something. Some of you can't cook, I expect, and some of you don't like to. But if there's something you make really well, and are proud of; well, this is a great place to show it off. So please do bring things. The Lady Diana mentions this in her column as well, but I thought I'd give a little background on why we are asking.
[... a paragraph about arms for the Society, with a picture of what are now the SCA Coat of Arms ...]
IN ORDER TO FINANCE THE REVELS, AND TO AVOID CONFUSION at the door, we are hoping to have some advance tickets for sale. I realize this is a little late for such a thing, but if you don't want to carry a wallet or purse with money in it, you might consider getting tickets early. By the time this is published we will know who will have such tickets, where they will be purchasable. If you are interested, call the Society at (phone number).
[... on to some other things to finish up the column ...]
From Tournaments Illuminated, Volume I, Issue 5 (1968), a review of Twelfth Night by The Red Baron (Jon de Cles):
... We shall begin with a brief report on TWELFTH NIGHT, and go on from there, if we have the energy. -- For indeed, Twelfth Night was an exhausting enterprise. And, so far, the most successful and ambitious of the Society's ventures.
ATTENDANCE was in the neighborhood of 200, though which side of the 200 we are unaware. There seems no doubt that there were a number of people present who came in by devious means, plus the people who paid by other means than cash at the door, i.e., advance tickets, etc.. But as we broke even, and more, we are not too discouraged about this. I believe there were over 160 door admissions alone. And there were kind and generous donations of cash, which made things much easier. The cost of staging such an event is not large, if you happen to be a big Charitable Organization, or a political party; but if you happen to be a few family type people, with limited income, such a party is possible only with the help of the participants.
I WON'T GO INTO THE DETAILS OF TWELFTH NIGHT, because I find it difficult to conceive that any of you weren't there. The coronation, the knightings, the creation of the Order of the Laurel, the making of three Dukes: These were not events to be soon forgotten. Nor the magnificent feast! --And the arch-bishop, with his two concubines, who was Lord of Misrule. Rather, let us here make a list of thanksgivings, to the membership, from the membership, and a list special thanks to the following: To Norah Hewttson, who provided the two suckling pigs, and who arrived at five A.M. to begin the roasting with her crew of helpers. (Also thanks to her helpers, particularly to Silas, who, despite providing certain difficulties, also provided a great deal of help with everything he could.) To the people who brought greens. To Stephan Comte de Loraine, and his Lady, who got the evening under way wiht a most spectacular piece of showmanship. their wedding. To Master Alphonso de Castile (formerly Ron Morgan), and the Consortium Antiquam, who provided music and instruction for people who like to dance. To Njali jarla Styrbørnsoni, the piper who stirred everyone's spirits, and who stepped in when the Consortium had become exhausted and played reels for the dancers. To Doctor Elizabeth Pope, who couldn't make it to the Revels, but without whose help we could not have afforded to buy refreshments ahead of receipts. To the people who took the trouble to provide entertainments of their own devising, and to the people who pitched in and did something when it needed doing, and to all the people who brought goodies! --And a very special thanks to Hap M. Butler, who arrived at the Mead Hall at 9 A.M., Sunday morning, and began the monumental task of cleaning up the mess. By the time the rest of us were awake enough to give him some help he had done fully half of the work; no small amount when you consider that it took us from noon to 6 P.M., to finish the job, and were a crew of many. A second thanks goes to Hap as well, for persistently dogging the tracks of the Mills Girls to get a letter which they ahd promised us in connection with the Spring Tourney. Through diligent effort he finally got the letter. --If there is anyone we've forgotten in this list, please accept our apologies. We have a poor memory, and less than a week to get into print.
William the Silent
Or, a natural panther
passant guardant sable.
Sheryl of Thespis
(Also known as:
Amina Sherana de Talavera)
Azure, a swan naiant
argent crowned Or.
“I'm not sure where the money came from for the crowns. At the same time that we were being Robin Hood and putting on a Chess game, Bjo of Griffin organized the Medieval Crafts Guild and we were all selling various article, like clay viking drinking horns that Henrik made, and Bjo's spiced tea, and Luise was doing sketches, and so forth. As an institution, the Guild lasted one year without the Trimbles (who moved back to Los Angeles shortly after the turn of the year) under the supervision of myself and my lady, and possibly a third Faire under the tutelage of Geraldine of Toad Hall before it petered out and various people did their own various booths for several years afterward. Whether any of the Guild money went into the SCA's coffers I no longer remember.
“Of course, the whole idea of knights and dukes and laurels and ladies of the rose was not King William's. He was busy studying. Jon de Cles, Edwin, and Siegfried came up with most of it. I was asked what I thought of the idea and said that it was unnecessary because everyone was already considered a lord or lady until they proved themselves otherwise. I've always wondered if that comment got me crossed off the potential knights list ... And there were no arms associated with these titles. Actual arms and the registration of same was the contribution of Randall of Hightower (Randal Garrett) who was just getting ready to move to the area at the time – I don't believe he was at 12th Night.
“One person at an SCA event for the first time, however, was Jon the Lean. John Edgerton was an old classmate of Luise whom she invited to the wedding, expecting to get a pro forma reply of sorry, can't make it, too far from San Diego (where they had gone to school together). Imagine our surprise to find that he was now living with his brother in San Jose and was working on a costume so he could come to the wedding. He came, he saw, he joined.
“Certainly a happy chance that added a member to the group who has contributed quite a bit over the years.
“My lady and my wedding actually preceded the entire Twelfth Night. First came the ceremony, then the reception, which happened to coincide with 12th Night and provided an immense saving for my family's pocket book. The suggestion to do this came from Lady Ellen Hodghead, wife of Beverly and mother of Marynel, with whom Luise was living at the time.
“So first the wedding, then the court, then the festivities (Luise and I left fairly early in the festivities, strangely enough). I accepted Steven MacEanruig's knighthood for him (he may still have been Steven of the Ashenlands at the time) and, I think, mailed him his belt and chain. Or perhaps I held them for him. I forget at this point.
“This may be the first event with a belly dancer. Somewhere around here Diana Listmaker did some belly dancing.
“Lord of Misrule for this event was a gentleman named Jerry Miramontes (whom I knew in passing at San Francisco State), who was in clerical robes and calling himself the Archbishop of Tel Aviv. He had two ladies with him, who both became the Lord of Misrule's consorts. One went on to become the lady and queen and duchess La Rana of Richard the Short. Jerry and the other lady faded away...
“All I can think of at the moment ...” – Stefan de Lorraine, whose memories of the occasion are a bit one-sided...
“Steve & Luise's wedding was at 6 PM (by invitation, as I remember - and
they invited me, having gotten to know me since RenFaire), then the SCA Revel
was from 8 PM to Midnight, all in the Mills (old) Student Union - a
splendid hall that would hold a revel for a typical barony today. I'm sure
Diana was much involved in the creation of the new orders also. Someone
(Siegfried, perhaps) once told me that after the small gathering of key members
had decided on dukedom & knights & masters of arms, that Diana had said
something like, "OK, but what do we give Bev Hodghead?" The Laurel was probably
Diana's idea (let's ask her) and I think Master Beverly was designated
"Master Artificer" & Master Alfonso de Castile (leader of the Consortium
Antiquum - early music group - and also teacher of dances from Arbeau)
"Master of Music". These specific titles for Laurels were probably dropped
after the next two (Diana - Mistress of Arts; Lin - Master Baker - who
baked bread and gave it to everyone at each tourney).
“Refreshments at 12th Night II were modest, apple juice & cookies, as I recall, but David Hodghead brought a suckling pig (I think) which he shared with all who wished. (Major feasting began a year later at 12th Night III, when Geraldine cooked a whole hog & whole goat & lots more stuff for 300 people.) Royalty was not revered so much in those times, I suppose, as I remember the Lord of Misrule (the self-styled Archbishop of Tel-Aviv) decreeing that the King be set on the mantel of the great fireplace, while the Queen be set on his lap. They were good sports about it, and as newcomers may have thought it to be usual practice.
“Artisan's Guild is what I remember Bjo calling it. Anyway, it met at Bjo's house twice a month and I always went because it was the only regular activity happening (beside 4 tourneys a year & 12th Night). It was at one of those meetings that Karina helped me design my device & Bjo agreed to make a banner of it for 12th Night. That was on top of completely costuming the King & Queen. Later (at RenFaires 3 & 4 in 1969 & 1970) Geraldine headed a reorganized "Associated Guilds" that ran several games and merchant booths, and held meetings at Toad Hall (386 Alcatraz Ave., Oakland) throughout the year.
“Probably some small percentage of proceeds from stuff sold at the SCA booth at RenFaire went to group use. The crowns were of something like sheet brass, I think. (Henrik & Siegfried carried those original crowns on cushions when 6 of us KSM's preceded King James & Queen Verena in the 11 kingdom royal procession on May 1, AS XXI, at 20 Year Celebration. Of course, Jim & Ginny were wearing the newer silver crowns designed and crafted by Henrik.) I don't know who has them now, but the materials cost of the first crowns must not have been great, but we were all poor then, folks put nickels & dimes in the passed helm, and annual subscribing membership cost $1.50 (I think subscriptions were first sold at Ren Faire, because John Trimble told me 18 years later that I had been the first ever to pay money to belong to the SCA. I have never inquired further on this, however.)
“So what do others remember? What do I remember wrongly? We've already lost several key people to (mostly) untimely deaths, so it would be well to get it all down right while enough of us can still recall it.” – Robert of Dunharrow
[The crowns were of something like sheet brass ...] “Hammered sheet copper!” – Henrik of Havn
“The only thing that I can add to the Twelfth Night II story is that the Lord of Misrule relented and let the King get down off of the mantle when the soles of his shoes started to melt.” – Kevin Peregrynne
“Twelfth Night: The Mills College hall was great. I'm not sure which event it was for (but since it was cold, it may have been 12th Night), but I remember gathering mussels with Lady Geri and others for steaming up for a feast. I also recall Caradoc loudly complaining that the roast goat was spoiled ... but he was mistaken.” – Astrid of Hawk Ridge
[Steven MacEanruig and Fulk de Wyvern were not present and were knighted in absentia.] “Fulk must have been there because I was there and part of the wedding party. Still have the old newspaper clipping with the pictures.” – Mary of Tamar
From an email: September 29, 2004:
"Sheryl of Thespis is now known as Countess Amina Sherana de Talavera. She is married to Viscount Sir Morven of Carrick, and they are both active in the Barony of Altavia in Caid." -- Natalya de Foix
Description of this event,
© Copyright 1980 by William R. Keyes (Wilhelm von Schlüssel)
This is from The History of the West Kingdom, Volume 1 (the only volume produced). When reading this text, please keep in mind the following disclaimer:
Disclaimer: This history may have errors in it, as much of the detail is “remembered” history, or as one of the cover pages of the original type-written manuscript states “The material within is derived from the information printed in The Crown Prints and in The Page, and from the memories of the participants.” The original document was typed on onion-skin paper, with hand-written notes (often in the margins). All attempts have been made to reconcile the notes with the original document.
Annotations, when they are added, are from The Annotated History of the West, Volume 1, which is the same text as Master Wilhelm's mentioned above, with commentary from members of the SCA who were active at the time of the event, and are added to help clarify questions and expand on what happened and why. This volume is copyright © Ken Mayer (Hirsch von Henford).
The West Kingdom History Website was created by and is maintained by Hirsch von Henford (mka Ken Mayer).